UNIVERSITIES, UNIVERSITIES OF APPLIED SCIENCE, NON-UNIVERSITY RESEARCH INSTITUTES

Knowledge is the resource of the future. That is why Austria is investing in qualifying its young people: in terms of investment per pupil and university student across their entire educational career, Austria is among the top countries in the OECD ranking.

There are currently 22 state universities in Austria (including six universities of the Arts and three technical universities), 21 universities of applied sciences and 13 private universities - with a total of around 350,000 students (2013). The range of study programmes at Austrian universities has doubled in the past ten years and has recently been producing around 40,000 graduates per year. In terms of investment per pupil and university student across their entire educational career, Austria ranks fourth in the OECD. Austria has not only a wide range of study programmes, but also of different types of educational institutions. The University of Vienna is the oldest institution (founded in 1365); the Institute of Science and Technology (IST Austria) is the newest addition to the wide range of educational institutions and has been active since 2009. Austria’s universities are also an important hub for attracting elite foreign talent: the number of foreign students commencing their studies in Austria has risen by 40 percent in the past five years. Austrian Agency for International Cooperation in Education and Research (Österreichische Austauschdienst - OeAD), a hub for international cooperation and mobility, ensures that the transfer of talent is reciprocal. Domestic universities are also strongly advancing internationalisation in the field of research: this is impressively demonstrated by above-average participation in the EU funding framework programme, with Austria ranking fifth in the success rate of the prestigious ERC grants. Austrian scientists are amongst the world’s elite in numerous areas, such as quantum physics, mathematics and medicine, as well as in the humanities and the social sciences.

NON-UNIVERSITY RESEARCH INSTITUTES:
FROM PRINCIPLES TO APPLIED RESEARCH

The Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW) has more than 1,100 employees. Its main focus is on space research, basic biomedical research, as well as topics in the fields of history, socioeconomics and cultural science.
The AIT Austrian Institute of Technology is Austria’s biggest non-university research facility, and is dedicated to topics of the future, such as energy, mobility, the security of critical infrastructure, health and the environment as well as innovation and sustainability research.
Joanneum Research, with over 450 employees, is also an important provider of innovation and technology with a focus on applied research in the areas of materials analysis, health, information and communication technologies, resources, as well as economic and innovation research.
For over 20 years, there has also been the Christian Doppler Gesellschaft (CDG), which establishes laboratories primarily at universities. Under the leadership of highly qualified scientists, these laboratories are used by research groups in cooperation with business partners to work on answers to business-related research issues.
The network of Austrian Cooperative Research (ACR) is a cooperating group of around 20 business-oriented research institutes. With around 600 employees, they processed and completed over 25,000 assignments in 2011.

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